Child labour is a serious problem in many countries, including Pakistan, where child labour is prevalent in various industries. One such industry is the brick kiln industry, where children often work under hazardous working conditions, including long hours and exposure to toxic substances. This article aims to provide an overview of the situation of child labour in brick kilns in Pakistan, including its causes, impacts and possible solutions.
Pakistan has one of the highest numbers of child labourers in the world, with an estimated 12.5 to 19 million children. In addition, lack of access to education and health care contributes to the prevalence of child labour, as children are often forced to work to support their families.
The Impact of Child Labour on Children
Work in brick kilns has serious effects on the physical and mental health of children. Children are exposed to hazardous working conditions, including coal dust and toxic substances such as silica, which can lead to respiratory illnesses and other health problems. Children also work long hours, often exceeding 10 hours a day, which can have serious consequences for their physical and mental health.
The Impact of Child Labour on Society
The prevalence of child labour in brick kilns has a significant impact on society as a whole.This perpetuates poverty because children are denied access to education, which is crucial to breaking the cycle of poverty. It also perpetuates inequalities, as children from marginalised communities are more likely to be child labourers than those from wealthier communities.
Efforts To Combat Child Labour in Brick Kilns
Various organisations and government agencies are fighting against child labour in brick kilns in Pakistan. The ILO has launched several initiatives to eliminate child labour, including a time-limited program to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in the brick kiln industry. In addition, some NGOs, such as the Society for the Protection of Children’s Rights (SPARC), work to raise awareness of child labour and provide support to affected children and their families.
Child labour in brick kilns in Pakistan is a serious problem that requires urgent attention. Poverty, lack of access to education and health care, and insufficient legal protections contribute to widespread child labour in industry. Efforts must be made to eliminate child labour and give them access to education and health care, which is essential to breaking the cycle of poverty and ensuring a brighter future for Pakistani children.